|The Eighth Annual Israeli Apartheid Week – March 5 – 11, 2012 www.apartheidweek.org
A complete list of speakers and events is available at: www.toronto.apartheidweek.org
SATURDAY, March 3rd
MONDAY, March 5th
MONDAY, March 5th
Jaffa: the Orange’s Clockwork narrates the visual history of the famous citrus fruit originated from Palestine and known worldwide for centuries as “Jaffa oranges”. What was once a commune industry to Arabs and Jews in Palestine, the orange came to symbolize the loss of the Palestinian homeland and its destruction.
MONDAY, March 5th
KI LEADERS SPEAK, NEW VIDEO LAUNCHED
God’s Lake Resources Inc., a mining exploration company, is threatening to re-enter the Homeland of the Kitchenuhmaykoosib Inninuwug (KI) Indigenous Nation this month to resume exploring on sacred burial grounds. KI has told God’s Lake Resources that they are not welcome on their Homeland. Ontario has refused to step in and stop the exploration and KI is calling for public support and mobilization, particularly in Toronto and Southern Ontario.
As part of this broader mobilization, the Toronto KI Support Group, CUPE 3902, OPIRG U of T, the University of Toronto Graduate Students’ Union, Earthroots, Mining Watch Canada, and Council of Canadians are organizing a speaking event on March 5, 2012 at the Steelworkers’ Hall at 25 Cecil Street in Toronto.
At these events KI leaders will speak to the public about the situation they are facing with God’s Lake Resources Inc. and about KI’s bold vision for their homeland and environment..
For more information about how you can help build this mobilization, please check out the Toronto KI Support Network’s facebook page at www.facebook.com/TorontoKISupport and KI’s website, www.kilands.org
TUESDAY, March 6th
TUESDAY, March 6th
*This event is wheelchair accessible
Baum , is a co-founder of Who Profits from the Occupation, an activist research initiative of the Coalition of Women for Peace in Israel. During the last five years, Who Profits has become a vital resource for dozens of campaigns around the world, providing information about corporate complicity in the occupation of Palestine. Dalit is a feminist scholar and teacher in Israel, who has been teaching about militarism and about the global economy from a feminist perspective in Israeli universities. As a feminist/ queer activist, she has been active with various groups in the Israeli anti-occupation and democratization movement, including Black Laundry, Boycott from Within, Zochrot, Anarchists against the Wall and Women in Black.
Podur is a Toronto-based writer and editor. He writes on political conflicts and social movements, primarily for Z Communications (www.zcommunications.org). He has reported from Palestine, Haiti, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Colombia, Pakistan, and India. He is the author of the upcoming book Haiti’s New Dictatorship: From the Overthrow of Aristide to the 2010 Earthquake (Pluto Press 2012). He is also contributor to Empire’s Ally: Canadian Foreign Policy and the War in Afghanistan (University of Toronto Press 2012) and Real Utopia: Participatory Society for the 21st Century (AK Press 2008). His blog is www.killingtrain.com.
Bartlett is an independent Canadian activist and freelance journalist who has spent long periods in the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip volunteering with the International Solidarity Movement (ISM) and reporting from the ground. In November 2008, Eva sailed with the Free Gaza Movement boat from Cyprus to the Gaza Strip where she joined the ISM in accompanying fishermen in Palestinian waters and farmers in the border regions. During the 2008-2009 Israeli massacre of Gaza, Eva and other ISM members joined Palestinian medics in their ambulances, documenting the victims of Israel’s massacre, including Palestinian medics and rescuers. From November 2008 until June 2010, Eva continued this work, also writing for the Electronic Intifada, IPS news, the Dominion, and various independent media, as well as maintaining her blog, In Gaza. She returned to Gaza in May 2011 to see little change or improvement in Palestinians’ living conditions. During her recent few months in Gaza, Eva witnessed the resurgence of Israeli bombings, which of course never made the corporate media. Her website is ingaza.wordpress.com and her earlier reports were at opt2007.wordpress.com
WEDNESDAY, March 7th
Gamil is a journalist, writer, revolutionary socialist activist and leading figure in the Socialist Popular Alliance Party. She works as a reporter, a radio and TV producer and an editor at various press and media institutions like Al-Alam al-Youm economic daily newspaper, Rose al-Youssef weekly magazine and the BBC. She is currently the editor of the home section at Al-Shuruq daily newspaper. Deena is a founding member of the largest leftist party in Egypt – the Socialist Popular Alliance Party. She has participated in various fronts and coalitions such as Kefaya and the Popular Committee for Solidarity with the Palestinian Uprising. Deena has a Masters in sociology from the American University in Cairo (AUC).
Abdo is a Arab feminist activist and Professor of Sociology at Carlton University. Nahla is interested in understating the dynamics between gender, class, race/ethnicity, sexuality and the state. More specifically, her work has focused on issue such as: gender, sexuality and the State in the Middle East; the dynamics between feminism(s) and nationalism(s); the gendered East/West; and resistance and challenges from the field.
Kitmitto is a Palestinian activist and member of CAIA who has recently returned from traveling around the Middle East. Monira will be discussing the way in which the developments of the ‘Arab Spring’ are impacting Palestine solidarity efforts. She has worked in Palestinian refugee camps Lebanon and was an active member in the Union of Palestinian Women.
THURSDAY, March 8th
IZKOR, is a portrait of the Israeli society that has never been shown before, thirty days in the life of a State that lives to the rhythm of its memory. This award-winning film puts forward a passionate and severe analysis of the Hebrew state.
“IZKOR,” means “remember” in Hebrew and this film looks in depth at this imperative that is imposed on the children of Israel. In Israel during the month of April feast days and celebrations take place one after another. School children of all ages prepare to pay tribute to their country’s past. The collective memory becomes a terribly efficient tool for the training of young minds.
FRIDAY, March 9th
Kanazi is a poet, writer, and activist based in New York City. He is the editor of Poets For Palestine (Al Jisser Group, 2008). His political commentary has been featured by news outlets throughout the world, including Al Jazeera English, GRITtv with Laura Flanders, and BBC Radio. His poetry has taken him across North America, the UK, and the Middle East, and he recently appeared in the Palestine Festival of Literature as well as Poetry International. He is a recurring writer in residence and advisory board member for the Palestine Writing Workshop.
Nadeau is a researcher/writer, and contract lecturer at University of Toronto Mississauga. She is a co-founder of Faculty for Palestine (F4P) and is active in the Coalition Against Israeli Apartheid (CAIA)
Fung is a Toronto-based video artist, writer, theorist and an associate professor in the Faculty of Art at OCAD University. His work investigates topics ranging from colonialism, immigration, racism, homophobia, AIDS and to his own family history and experiences with diaspora. Richard is a public intellectual who has pushed forward the debates about queer sexuality, Asian identity and the uneasy borderlands of culture and politics.
SATURDAY, March 10th
SATURDAY NIGHT: IAW presents RHYMES OF RESISTANCE AND THE SOUNDS OF EXISTENCE
Red iSlam is a hiphopsoulrock fusion band whose music uplifts, self-identifies and promotes unity through Spoken, Lyricism which Arranges Meaning (SLAM). The group is comprised of young poets, songwriters, rappers, musicians, composers, and vocalists, breakers and graf artists. The Red Slam Movement started back in the fall of 2008 after a 12 week Slam Poetry Workshop series facilitated by Mahlikah Awe:ri at the On-U Youth Program, located at the Native Canadian Centre in Toronto. In 2009 with support from the Toronto Urban Aboriginal Strategy fund and the OAC Access & Career Development Grant the collective began professional development recording workshops with award winning recording artists Digging Roots. In 2010 with support from OAC Word of Mouth Travel Grant, Red Slam began the DissemiNation Tour performing live in cities across Ontario and Quebec.
2011 Red iSlam featured at the NXNE Music Festival, the Home and Native Sound Music Series and Manifesto Urban Arts Festival; Red Slam Collective also provides Urban Arts Workshops in slam poetry; collective rap compositions and recording; graffiti arts and break dancing to children, youth and intergenerational communities in both urban and rural settings.Red Slam’s first recording project is due for release this year.
Chand-nee is an artist, activist-scholar. She has been involved in community organizing locally and globally around issues of justice and equity for a number of years. Her southern African roots motivated her anti-apartheid activism and brought her to organize with Students Against Israeli Apartheid. Politics and music inspired her academic work on Palestinian hip hop and spoken word as a modality of youth cultural resistance.
**Tickets available in advance, at all IAW events
About IAW 2012
Endorsers of Israeli Apartheid Week 2012 so far:
Comment by Blog Administrator: This year I will attend a Purim Party with a theme,“Super Heroes“ and will wear the sailor shirt my father wore on the ship when he crossed the Atlantic. From the Displaced Persons Camp in Italy to Canada, my father along with all Survivors of the Holocaust rose from the ashes and continued with morals and values to build a more promising future. Thank you Canada, for providing those who were worthy, a home.
Thank you to our Heroes, then and now, who inspire genrations to `do good“
Purim one of Judaism’s more colorful and popular holidays, is celebrated this year between sunset Wednesday, 7 March, and sunset Thursday, 8 March, in most of Israel – excluding Jerusalem and a few other cities where Purim will be celebrated from sunset on Thursday, 8 March, until sunset on Friday, 9 March (see below). Purim is not a public holiday in Israel, but many offices, shops, and public institutions (including the GPO) will operate on a reduced basis. Schools will be closed, but public transportation will operate as usual, and newspapers will be published.
Background to Purim
Purim commemorates the events described in the Book of Esther<http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Bible/Esthertoc.html>. In Esther 3:8, the anti-Semitic Haman, Grand Vizier of the Persian Empire, tells Persian King Ahasuerus that, “There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among all the peoples… in your kingdom. Their laws are different from those of every people, neither do they keep the king’s laws. Therefore, it does the king no profit to suffer them. If it please the king, let it be written that they be destroyed…” Thus, Haman coined one of the most infamous anti-Semitic canards: That the Jews are a clannish and alien people who do not obey the laws of the land. At Haman’s contrivance, a decree is then issued for all Jews in the Persian Empire to be massacred. But, as the Book of Esther subsequently relates, Haman’s plot was foiled and, “The Jews had light and gladness, and joy and honor…a feast and a good day.” (8:16-17)
Throughout the centuries, Purim – which celebrates the miraculous salvation of the Jews and the thwarting of Haman’s genocidal plot – has traditionally symbolized the victory of the Jewish people over anti-Semitic tyranny. As such, Purim is a happy, carnival-like holiday.
The Fast of Esther
Wednesday, 7 March, is a fast day known as the Fast of Esther, commemorating (inter alia) the fact that Queen Esther – the heroine of the Book of Esther – and the entire Persian Jewish community fasted (4:16) in advance of Queen Esther’s appeal for King Ahasuerus not to implement Haman’s genocidal plot. The fast will extend from before sunrise in the morning until sunset. Special prayers and scriptural readings are inserted into the synagogue service.
After sunset Wednesday evening, 7 March, festive prayers will take place in synagogues, where the Book of Esther will also be read aloud. It is customary for people, especially children, to come to synagogue dressed in costume. During the reading of the Book of Esther, whenever Haman’s name is mentioned, congregants traditionally make as much noise as possible in order to drown out his name – a reflection of God’s promise (Exodus 17:14) to, “blot out,” the Amalekite nation, of which Haman was a descendant; special Purim noisemakers may be used for this purpose. The Book of Esther will be read again during morning prayers on Thursday, 8 March. A special Purim prayer is inserted into the daily prayers and the blessing after meals.
On Purim, Jews are enjoined by the Book of Esther (9:22) to send gifts of food to each other, make special contributions to the poor, and have a festive holiday meal in the afternoon. To this end, the day is also marked by collections for various charities, and by people visiting neighbors and friends to deliver baskets of food, prominent among which are small, three-cornered, fruit-filled pastries known as Oznei Haman in Hebrew (Haman’s ears) or Hamantaschen in Yiddish (Haman’s pockets).
At the festive meal, some maintain the custom of becoming so inebriated that they cannot distinguish between, “Blessed is Mordechai,” (Esther’s uncle and the hero of the Book of Esther) and, “Cursed is Haman.”
In Jerusalem, Purim is ordinarily celebrated one day later than it is in the rest of the world; accordingly, all Purim-related observances are postponed by one day. This practice originates from the fact that an extra day was prescribed for the Jews of Shushan (the modern Susa, one of the Persian Empire’s four capitals) to defend themselves against their enemies. This second day is known as Shushan Purim. As mentioned in the Book of Esther itself (9:16-19), Jews living in walled cities (later defined by rabbinical authorities to mean walled cities at the time that Joshua entered the Land of Israel) celebrate Purim one day later than Jews living in unwalled cities. There are several such cities in Israel where Shushan Purim is celebrated. In some cities whose status is in doubt, the Book of Esther will actually be read on both days.
In many places in Israel, Purim is marked by special parades; the most famous of these takes place in Tel Aviv. Many kindergartens, schools, synagogues, and towns will also host special Purim parties and carnivals.
Purim in Film
Following are clips from six films (courtesy of the Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive<http://www.spielbergfilmarchive.org.il/>) that depict the various ways in which Purim has been celebrated:
Adloyada 1960 – Color scenes of the colorful procession in Tel Aviv 52 years ago. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hd32borYr6I
Faces Of Freedom (1960) – New immigrants are absorbed into Israeli society at the beginning of the 1960s. The film begins with a Purim carnival. http://youtu.be/TjRFso0xE94
Springtime in Palestine (1928) – Comprehensive survey of the developing country in the 1920s. Includes a Bukharian Purim feast and scenes of the 1928 carnival in which Baruch Agadati appears with Tzipporah Tzabari, the first Purim queen of Tel Aviv (from 11:33 min). http://youtu.be/dBDuUKm8SyU
Eretz Yisrael: Building Up The Jewish National Home (1934) – The film begins with scenes of the Adloyada in Tel Aviv. It continues with agricultural scenes in Kibbutz Ein Harod, Deganya A and the women’s agricultural school in Nahalal.http://youtu.be/e45TPC-22W8
Edge of the West (1961) – A color film surveying Jewish life in Morocco in the early 1960s, including Purim celebrations (from 28:35 min.) http://youtu.be/LGzEVarZm8k
Hassidic Music (1994) – From the series “A People And Its Musicl which depicts various Jewish music traditions. Includes scenes of Lubavitch Hassidim celebrating Purim (from 23:22 min.) http://youtu.be/LGzEVarZm8k
Prayer For Canada
Our G-d and G-d of our ancestors, we invoke Your blessing upon our country, on the Government of Canada, the Prime Minister and all who exercise just and rightful authority. Instruct them from your Torah, that they may administer all affairs of state in justice and equity, that peace and security, happiness and prosperity, right and freedom may forever abide among us.
Unite all the inhabitants of our country, whatever their origin and creed, into a bond of true fellowship to banish hatred and bigotry and to safeguard the ideals and free institutions, which are our country’s glory.
JDL URGENT UPDATE ~ major anti Israel protests in all major cities on March 30 in front of Israeli Embassies and ConsulatesMarch 5, 2012
American and Canadian Endorsers of the ‘Global March to Jerusalem’ project of the Terrorist Group, HAMASMarch 5, 2012
Following is a partial list of organizations that have endorsed the Global March to Jerusalem. It includes those that are based or have a significant presence in North America, and are either participating in the organizing of the North American contingent of the GMJ or have been invited to do so. If your organization wishes to endorse and/or participate in the organizing, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org. For organizations outside North America, see www.globalmarchtojerusalem.org.
Following is a list of indivduals who endorse the Global March to Jerusalem. Additional endorsements are welcome and may be sent to email@example.com.
“Obama Rewrites His Record on Israel” — By Anne Bayefsky On March 2, 2012
And as for Iran, President Obama’s use of the United Nations has moved the country in only one direction — inexorably closer to obtaining nuclear weapons. President Obama was the first U.S. president to preside over a meeting of the UN Security Council in September 2009, and he personally took the opportunity of controlling the Council agenda to tie nuclear non-proliferation together with nuclear disarmament. His move had the predictable effect of setting back non-proliferation efforts by giving Iran one more excuse to delay, while disarming America moved to center stage. The sanctions regime belatedly adopted by the Council has been an incontrovertible failure.
At rock bottom, the president’s interview makes one claim more poisonous to Israel’s welfare than all others. He argues that if Israel uses military force against Iranian nuclear sites, then the timeline for any negative consequences will start with Israel — not Iran. Obama urges Netanyahu to think about “the profound costs of any military action,” places the focus on “potential unintended consequences” of Israel’s actions, and describes the move as libel to be a “distraction in which Iran suddenly can portray itself as the victim.”
This is not the statement of an ally at a turning point in world history, with the most dangerous country on Earth on the verge of acquiring the world’s most dangerous weapon. Israel’s actions would be taken in self-defense. They would not be the starting point. Israel and the civilized world, in the crosshairs of this leading state sponsor of terrorism and its genocidal ambitions, are the real victims and any claim to the contrary would be a lie — not a distraction. To suggest that Israel will be responsible for the economic costs of seriously slowing or ending Iran’s race towards nuclear weapons places the shoe exactly on the wrong foot, and diminishes the much higher cost of Iranian victory.
The president’s miscalculation on Iran is of epic proportion. He even describes the Iranian leadership to Goldberg this way: “they’re sensitive to the opinions of the people.” The freedom-loving people of Iran who are rotting in Iranian torture chambers are undoubtedly as mortified by this claim as are the people of Israel and its supporters across America. The very unfortunate reality is that Israel may be forced to save America and the civilized world because this commander-in-Chief is AWOL (Absence Without Leave). Israel has America’s back, not the other way around.
In his interview, President Obama worried that Republicans are trying to “drive a wedge … between Barack Obama and a Jewish American vote.” They don’t have to, Mr. President. You can take credit for the mile-wide gulf all yourself.
Lesson of the Holocaust, Faye Schulman — We must not be afraid of our enemies – our enemies should be afraid of us. (Photo Credit: Margie)
“Take to yourself pure olive oil…” [27:20]
Israel is compared to an olive: just like an olive produces its pure oil only when it is crushed, so too we see the Nation of Israel at its finest when it faces difficult trials.
Israel is also compared to oil, which cannot mix with other liquids – rather, it always rises to the top. Even if you shake and mix Israel among the other nations of the world, we always remain distinct.
The Rebbe of Klausenberg was imprisoned in a Nazi camp during the Holocaust, but he retained his dedication to G-d and Judaism throughout. He even continued to wear Tefillin, which he had hidden with him.
One day, a Nazi guard discovered him with his Tefillin. He fell upon the Rebbe, beating him furiously. Then, once the Rebbe had fallen, the guard placed his foot on the Rebbe’s face, pressing the bottom of his boot into the Rebbe’s cheek. “Now,” mocked the guard, “do you still think you are the chosen people?”
The Rebbe replied, “as long as you are up there, and I am down here, I knowwe are the chosen people.”
It is specifically when facing trials that Israel can rise up and demonstrate its best qualities. The Nazis tried to make themselves the “super-race,” while dehumanizing the Jews. What happened was just the reverse: the Nazis are considered inhuman by all humans, while the Jewish people are rising from the ashes…
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has told “Bloomberg” that his ambition is to see Israel’s economy overtake France and the UK in terms of per capita income. He said, “There’s no reason why we can’t eventually surpass Britain and France in GDP per capita. We have to keep growing at 5%.”
“Bloomberg” observed that “it is the push for growth that drives Netanyahu’s policies, even as he heads to Washington next week for talks on Iran.”
“Bloomberg” continued, “Netanyahu began selling state assets and loosening labor laws as finance minister from 2003 to 2005, Israel’s economy has boomed, growing at an average 4.2 percent each year. The expansion will help ensure Israel’s survival, as an “island of democracy that is surrounded by a sea of troubles” in the Middle East, the 62- year-old premier told U.S. Jewish leaders at a Feb. 19 conference in Jerusalem.”
“If we are to address our defense needs that we are being challenged with, we have to continue this growth,” Netanyahu said at the meeting. “It is not a question of living standard. It’s a question of national security.”
“Bloomberg” added, “As part of his plan to spur growth, Netanyahu has set up a committee to boost competition, introduced reforms to lower the cost of living after social protests, passed a law to free up public land for private development, maintained fiscal discipline, and introduced a two-year budget, a move praised by the IMF.”
A remarkable story.
Rabbi Shmuley, as he likes to be called, did the show to plug his new book, Kosher Jesus, which has gained some controversy in the Jewish community for describing Jesus and his teachings’ close connection to Judaic traditions.
Rabbi Shmuley’s segment with Michael Coren did not go well. When discussing Jewish attitudes, Coren asked the Rabbi about negative depictions that secular, leftist Obama supporting Jews attribute to pro Israel conservative Christians. This set Rabbi Shmuley off and the conversation quickly degenerated into a shouting match, with Shmuley accusing Coren of dredging up anti-Semitic canards and Coren responding that words he did not say were being put in his mouth and that Shmuley was in effect in denial of historical fact and contemporary reality.
Within a few hours of taping the interview, before it was even broadcast later in the day, Shmuley Boteach, through his press agent, sent out an email blast accusing Coren of perpetrating a “disgusting slur, a tributary of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion, that the Jews control whole segments of society.” That same day the JDL took action to support Michael Coren.
Michael Coren has supported and defended Israel for many years. The following links are some examples of this support. Michael Coren on Why Anti-Zionism is Anti-Semitism, Michael Coren on Israeli ‘apartheid week‘ Michael Coren & Brian Lilley Celebrate Palestine House De-Funding Michael Coren & Rabbi Kaplan: all things Hanukkah
Michael Coren is a very honest man and the JDL will continue to support him. The JDL demands that Rabbi Boteach issues an immediate apology. The JDL also calls on the Jewish Community to reject the false accusation from Rabbi Boteach of anti-semitism.
IN TORONTO ON MARCH 4, 2012
DAY OF ACTION: NO ATTACK ON IRAN
“Western Governments and the media are calling for armed assault again – this time on IRAN. ”
“The Harper Government supports this potentially disastrous war which will result in untold death and destabilization of the entire region. It is time for CANADIANS to STAND UP and stop this new war drive. ”
“Join us for a RALLY and MARCH to show Harper and other warmongers that we want no part of another war BASED ON LIES.”
“R A L L Y and M A R C H
U.S. Consulate, 360 University Avenue, Toronto
Sunday, March 4, 2012
2:00 pm ”
It is important to film these supporters of the Iran Government. There is a security threat against the Jewish community from Iran. Let us continue to document all those that attend such rallies of hate. The JDL will share all of this documentation with Canadian Police Agencies.
Increased vigilance and heightened security measures urged for Canadian Jewish community
TORONTO, 1 March 2012 – With the visit of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to Canada tomorrow, and the upcoming holiday of Purim when large numbers of celebrants attend synagogue and other celebrations in an atmosphere of informality, B’nai Brith Canada urges all Jewish organizations to be vigilant and heighten all security measures.
An upswing in violence against Israelis around the world and ongoing threats against the Jewish community by the Iranian regime has prompted various police divisions to put their forces on increased alert regarding the Jewish community in Canada.
Now is the time to join JDL, the most active Jewish defence group in Canada.
With Love of Israel,
Meir Weinstein National Director Jewish Defence League of Canada
Summary of *JDL* Program with Faye Schulman “the Jewish Girl who fought the Nazis” – ‘BlogWrath’ and ‘Blazing Cat Fur’ BlogsFebruary 29, 2012
‘Blazing Cat Fur’ Blog http://blazingcatfur.blogspot.com/2012/02/and-were-back.html
Had the pleasure of listening to Faye Schulman this evening, an event hosted by the JDL.
A remarkable story.
“BlogWrath’ Blog > Faye Schulman – the Jewish Girl Who Fought the Nazis
When we talk about the fate of the Jews in World War II and the Holocaust in general, we usually think about the concentration camps, the mass murders, and the suffering. That’s natural, because we know quite a lot about those crimes – after all, the Germans kept detailed records about what was going on. It will be unfair to blame the Jews who perished there that they never took action to resist. Most of them were caught by surprise, they simply couldn’t imagine the magnitude of the catastrophe that was awaiting them.
On the other hand, we know very little about those who resisted, because nobody in the underground groups or in the woods kept any records or lists. That fact makes people like Faye Schulman very important for preserving our historical memory, for not only did she survive a massacre, but she also went on to fight against the Nazis and on top of that she documented the resistance in her photographs. No known Jewish survivor has achieved that.
Right now Faye is 93 years old, but she is remarkably vibrant and alert at that age. Her voice is confident and her memory hasn’t been affected by the burden of the many decades she has lived through.
In 1939 she was a beautiful 20-year old girl, who lived with her large family in a Polish town near the Russian border, and had no idea what horrors she was about to go through. Eventually, the whole town, both the buildings and the people, was almost completely wiped out.