Video – Danny Kaye – Skokie

America 1977

“there is nothing that will keep me from fighting. On the memory of my mother, the Nazis will not march.  On my life, on the grave of my mother,  which was the lion pit of the Death Camp at Mauthausen, a pile, a heap of naked Jewish bodies, on that grave, I swear. —

.. And the JDL was there…

and will always be there to fight against ALL followers of EVIL IDEOLOGIES.

America July 18, 1999

… And the JDL was there…

and will always be there to fight against ALL followers of EVIL IDEOLOGIES.




verb: feel intense or passionate dislike for (someone) : the boys hate each other, he was particularly hated by the extreme right. (Oxford Dictionary)

These photographs were made while I was traveling through the Northern United States in 1996 and 1998. I was doing a project called America At The Edge, which looked at life along the northern states that border Canada.

About 1,000 spectators came out to watch and shout as the Aryan Nations paraded down Coeur d’Alene Idaho’s main street on July 18, 1999. The parade, months in the debate and planning stages, was over in 28 minutes.

Protesters and marchers arrived by air and car from several states. The Ku Klux Klansmen sent representatives from Texas. The United Front Against Fascism came from Seattle. The Jewish Defense League was there from California.

The estimated cost for the 120 police who lined the parade route was $125,000 US. There were 23 arrests, but no serious injuries or fights were reported.

92 Aryans were in the march including women and children, arriving in a convoy of cars and trucks. The 80-year-old founder of the Aryan Nations, Richard Butler, led the way with a loudspeaker in an open jeep.

Two years earlier, Members of the AryanNationsChurch, gathered on their compound in Hayden Lake, Idaho at the annual “World Congress of Aryan Nations”, where these photographs were taken. From the 1970s until 2001, the headquarters of the Aryan Nations was this 20 acre compound at Hayden Lake, Idaho.

In July 1998, security guards at the Aryan Nations compound in Idaho shot at Victoria Keenan and her son after their car backfired nearby. The Keenans were returning from a wedding and stopped briefly near the compound to look for a wallet that had fallen out the car.

Bullets struck their car several times before the vehicle careened into a ditch. Members of the group held the Keenans at gunpoint. The compound, where of Aryan Nations leader Richard Butler lived, was heavily guarded. For decades, it had served as the meeting place for the nation’s most violent white supremacists.

The Southern Poverty Law Center filed Keenan v. Aryan Nations, seeking justice for the bruised and traumatized Keenans. “After a weeklong trial, a jury ruled that Butler and his organization were grossly negligent in selecting and supervising the guards. In September 2000, they awarded a $6.3 million jury verdict against the Aryan Nations and Butler.” (Southern PovertyLawCenter)

The judgment forced Butler to turn over the 20-acre compound to the Keenans. The Keenans in turn sold the property to a philanthropist who later donated it to a local college to be turned into a conference center for human-rights issues.

September 8, 2004: Associated Press

“Richard G. Butler, the notorious white supremacist who founded the Aryan Nations and was once dubbed the “elder statesman of American hate,” died at the age of 86.

Butler died peacefully in his sleep at his home in Hayden, Idaho, sheriff’s Capt. Ben Wolfinger told The Associated Press. It was not known when he died; his body was found in his bed Wednesday morning.

“Everything appears to be natural,” said Wolfinger, of the Kootenai County, Idaho, sheriff’s department.”


About the Photographer, Steve Simon.

Steve Simon has been passionate about documenting life through photography since he began taking photographs at age 12 in his home city of Montreal.

Steve has participated as a guest lecturer and workshop leader at various photography and arts events in Canada, The United States, and Argentina. He has had solo shows in New York, Buenos Aires, Toronto and Montreal and his work has been featured three times at the Visa Pour L’Image Photography Festival in Perpignan, France. His work is in the permanent collections of The George Eastman House, Houston Museum of Fine Arts, The Canadian Archives and the Comune Di Verona in Italy.

Mr. Simon has received numerous international awards including The Global Health Council Photography Award for his work on AIDS in Africa, An Art Director’s Club of New York Award, Alfred Eisenstaedt Magazine Photography Award Nomination, The Canadian Association of Journalists Award for work in Africa and The Canadian Press News Picture of The Year, The Canadian Newspaper Photographer of The Year, The National Press Photographers Association Picture Of The Year.

He has four books, Heroines & Heroes: Hope, HIV and Africa, The Republicans, on the Republican Convention in New York City published by Charta. Healing Waters, documenting the healing powers of a small lake in Alberta; and Empty Sky – The Pilgrimage to Ground Zero, an excerpt of which was included in Time-Life’s book The American Spirit.

Recent work has been published in Mother Jones, The Digital Journalist,, The New York Times Magazine, Life, Colors, German Geo, Le Monde, Walrus and Harpers. Steve is based in New York City



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